Agile Scrum: The fundamentals - Register Today!
In 1986, Hirotaka Takeuchi and Ikujiro Nonaka described a new holistic approach that would increase speed and flexibility in commercial new product development. They compared this new, holistic approach, in which the phases strongly overlap and the whole process is performed by one cross-functional team across the different phases, to rugby, where the whole team "tries to go the distance as a unit, passing the ball back and forth".
In the early 1990's, Ken Schwaber used an approach that led to Scrum at his company, Advanced Development Methods. While Jeff Sutherland, John Scumniotales, and Jeff McKenna developed a similar approach at Easel Corporation.
Later, Sutherland and Schwaber jointly presented a paper describing Scrum at OOPSLA '95 in Austin, its first public appearance. Schwaber and Sutherland collaborated during the following years to merge the above writings, their experiences, and industry best practices into what is now known as Scrum.